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Ethiopia 2015

Ityop'iya

International Calendar 2015 - Ethiopia

Simien Mountains huts and young herder

The highland people of Ethiopia's Simien Mountains live, work, and play in one of Africa's most dramatic environments. The landscape features sheer cliffs, forested gorges, and ancient mountains that rise 14,000 feet into the clouds. One of the few places in Africa where snow falls on a regular basis, the Simien Mountains are home to three of Ethiopia's largest mammals: the walia ibex, the gelada baboon, and the rare Ethiopian wolf. Christian and Muslim communities live together peacefully in this predominantly agrarian society, and are known for sharing resources during public holidays, weddings, and funeral ceremonies. Like most boys his age, this shepherd boy will spend many days alone with his sheep, as the flock grazes on the mountainside.
Photos © 2012 Amber Davis Collins, PCV Honduras, 2002 - 2004.
Photo composite by Lisa Kummer.

Eastern Africa

Area 1,104,300 km2 (27th)

Arable 13%

Capital Addis Ababa (3M)

Population 93,877,025 (850/km2)

Literacy 39%

Life expectancy 60 yrs

HIV/AIDS NA

In poverty 29%

Military 0.9% of GDP (140th of 195)

Languages Arabic, English, Oromo, Amharic, Somali, Tigrinya, Sidamo, Wolaytta, Guragigna, Afar, Hadiyya, Gamo, other

Religions Ethiopian Orthodox 44%, Muslim 34%, Protestant 19%, traditional 3%, other

Gov’t Federal Republic

GDP/capita $1,200

Agriculture pulses, coffee, oilseeds, cereals, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, cut flowers, hides, cattle, sheep, goats, fish, khat

Industry food/beverage/metals processing, textiles, leather, chemicals, cement

PCVs 1962 - 1977, 1995 - 1999, 2007 - present

Peace Ranking 146th