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Mauritania 2014


International Calendar 2014 - Mauritania

Assaba Region, Mauritania

A land of contrasts, Mauritania exists at the inter­section of the Arab-Berber Maghreb and sub-Saharan, black Africa, and is shaped by both cultures. Once the home of pastoral nomads, it has been transformed by drought into a country whose population of 3.5 million is now concentrated around its cities and towns.
Environmental conditions pose huge challenges for those who remain in the interior. Here, though, a member of a women’s agricultural cooperative in the Assaba region displays a melon grown in a small but carefully tended garden. The image evokes joy, possibility, and the tenacity of hope.
Photo © 2003 Lauren Goodsmith
Associate Volunteer, Mauritania 1989-1990

Western Africa

Area 1,030,700 km2 (29th)

Arable 0.2%

Capital Nouakchott (709K)

Population 3,359,185 (3/km2)

Literacy 58%

Life expectancy 62 yrs

HIV/AIDS 0.7% (14,000 adults)

In poverty 40%

Military 5.5% of GDP (12 of 195)

Peace ranking 125th

Language Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, French, Hassaniya

Religion Muslim

Gov’t Islamic Republic

GDP/capita $2,000

Agriculture dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, cattle, sheep

Industry fish processing, oil production, mining (iron ore, gold, and copper)

PCVs 1966-67, 1971-2011, TTD 1,259