Assaba Region, Mauritania

A land of contrasts, Mauritania exists at the inter­section of the Arab-Berber Maghreb and sub-Saharan, black Africa, and is shaped by both cultures. Once the home of pastoral nomads, it has been transformed by drought into a country whose population of 3.5 million is now concentrated around its cities and towns.
Environmental conditions pose huge challenges for those who remain in the interior. Here, though, a member of a women’s agricultural cooperative in the Assaba region displays a melon grown in a small but carefully tended garden. The image evokes joy, possibility, and the tenacity of hope.
Photo © 2003 Lauren Goodsmith
Associate Volunteer, Mauritania 1989-1990

MAURITANIA

Muritaniyah
Western Africa

Area 1,030,700 km2 (29th)

Arable 0.2%

Capital Nouakchott (709K)

Population 3,359,185 (3/km2)

Literacy 58%

Life expectancy 62 yrs

HIV/AIDS 0.7% (14,000 adults)

In poverty 40%

Military 5.5% of GDP (12 of 195)

Peace ranking 125th

Language Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, French, Hassaniya

Religion Muslim

Gov’t Islamic Republic

GDP/capita $2,000

Agriculture dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, cattle, sheep

Industry fish processing, oil production, mining (iron ore, gold, and copper)

PCVs 1966-67, 1971-2011, TTD 1,259

Focus word for 2014 - "Home"

Arabic: byte (byte)
Pulaar: Jhalé (gal-lay)
Hassaniya: dar (darrr)

indigenous design from Mauritania


Copyright © Julie Olsen

Map of the world

Films

Film:
Heremakono (Waiting for Happiness).
Director: Abderrahmane Sissako (2002)

Documentary:
Women on the Frontline – Mauritania.
Production: UNIFEM (2008)

Books

Mali Blues, Traveling to an African beat
by Lieve Joris, 1998
Book Description
Chronicles of Mauritania, Mali and Senegal in the midst of upheaval and transition observed during the author’s trek from the capital to the remote village of Nema.

Kids' Books

The Children of Mauritania: Days in the Desert and at the River Shore
by Lauren Goodsmith
1993. 56 pages
ISBN-10: 0876148496